Introduction to Psychology - Three Men Who Created a Great Deal of Debate: B.F. Skinner, Sigmund Freud, and Abraham Maslow

Introduction to Psychology - Three Men Who Created a Great Deal of Debate: B.F. Skinner, Sigmund Freud, and Abraham Maslow

The world has seen the likes of many interesting people and there were three gentleman who left their mark on this world creating a great deal of debate due to their theories. B.F. Skinner, Sigmund Freud, and Abraham Maslow. Each individual was responsible for a number of theories that remain as controversial as they were years ago. Never the less the three have made a significant impact in the world of psychology and use these theories as a form of teaching in modern times. Though their theories have been challenge by others we can not argue the fact that most of them make a sense.

Why did Abraham Lincoln Become one of the United States’ Greatest Presidents?

Why did Abraham Lincoln Become one of the United States’ Greatest Presidents?

American Counseling Association & American Association of Christian Counselors Code of Ethics Comparison

American Counseling Association & American Association of Christian Counselors Code of Ethics Comparison

Abstract
The following content is a reflective display of the code of ethics for the American Counseling Association(ACA), and the American Association of Christian Counselors(AACC). It contains the purpose, sources, and both similarities and differences of both organizations. The missions are supportive of appropriate client care and personal integrity, however, the fundamentals vary in some capacities. These concepts will be explored.

Introduction
The mission of the American Counseling Association is: To enhance the quality of life in society by promoting the development of professional counselors, advancing the counseling profession, and using the profession and practice of counseling to promote respect for human dignity and diversity (ACA, 2005, p. 1).

Culturally & Linguistically Diverse Students

Culturally & Linguistically Diverse Students

Breast/Thyroid Cancer Review Article

Breast/Thyroid Cancer Review Article

The relationship between breast and thyroid cancer is one that has been widely discussed and debated in the literature. Although there is a clear association between the two cancers, the cause of this association and the subsequent risks for each cancer remain unclear. The topic is very important for practicing clinicians as the incidence of thyroid cancer continues to rise, and the survival rates for patients with thyroid and breast cancer continue to increase due to improved therapy and earlier detection, putting more women at risk to develop a second neoplasm over their lifetime.

I’m in an Interfaith Relationship - The MTV Video of Jasmine and Travis

I’m in an Interfaith Relationship - The MTV Video of Jasmine and Travis

Everyday couples have conflicts that they are faced with. They also hold the responsibility of getting pass those conflicts in a healthy and mature manner. In the MTV video I’m in an Interfaith Relationship, the couples are trying to hold on to the affection in their relationships while still holding on to their different faiths (“I’m in an,” 2011). In the video we watch how these two couples deal with being in an interfaith relationship.

What Counseling is to Me: Definitions, Thoughts, and Reflections

What Counseling is to Me: Definitions, Thoughts, and Reflections

An Explanation/Definition of Counseling and the Most Essential Characteristics of a Helping Relationship:
In 2010 the American Counseling Association adopted the following new working definition of counseling: Counseling is a professional relationship that empowers diverse individuals, families, and groups to accomplish mental health, wellness, education, and career goals(American Counseling Association,2011). As an upcoming counselor I would like to personalize or expand the definition to embrace the ideologies I will bring to the counseling setting. After looking at a number of theories and definitions of counseling my definition is a bit eclectic. Counseling is a helping relationship established between a professional and a client. The counselor encourages, challenges, enables and assists clients in making independent life altering changes and choices. This process occurs over a period of time through self-examination, exploration and the aid of other therapeutic techniques. In this relationship clients are also challenged to accept the responsibility and consequences for the choices they make.

Garnet and Raphaella - A Series by William Bell: How Bell is Able to Blend the Real and Spirit Worlds in this Novel

Blending Worlds

Mystery is usually caused by the combination of the real world and the spiritual world. Bell was somewhat effective when he mixed the real and spirit worlds together. He was successful with some of his feelings of reality in certain situations but not all of the reality he created was believable this is somewhat unclear and should be rephrased. The situations when Garnet spent the night in the log cabin and when Garnet and Raphella experienced the presence of Hanna support Bell’s effectiveness while the scene when the ghost men threw stones at Garnet and Raphella goes too much outside of reality to be believable.

Does Caffeinated Coffee have the Same Effect as Decaffeinated Coffee When it Comes to Self-Awareness - A Psychology Paper

Does Caffeinated Coffee have the Same Effect as Decaffeinated Coffee When it Comes to Self-Awareness - A Psychology Paper
I Scream, You Scream, We All Scream for Caffeine

We all experience at some point in our life, the feeling of extreme exhaustion or just a lack of natural energy. When the body is utterly exhausted we seek to ordain our energy somehow or someway. Coffee is one of many prominent choices of energy drinks that people tend to rely on when it comes to sustaining energy. Based on experience, I found myself becoming addicted to drinking coffee. I drank both caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee and both drinks seemed to have the same effect on my energy and self-awareness. Although coffee helps increase awareness and energy levels, it left me wondering; does caffeinated coffee have the same effect as decaffeinated coffee when it comes to self-awareness and energy restoration? It is a common belief that people who drink decaffeinated coffee are not being exposed to the same effects as those who drink caffeinated coffee.

Prosecution Argument - How Communities View Evidence and How They Can Indicate a Person's Responsibility for His or Her Crimes Through the Criminal Justice System

Prosecution Argument - How Communities View Evidence and How They Can Indicate a Person's Responsibility for His or Her Crimes Through the Criminal Justice System

Throughout history people have been known to commit crimes. As far back as the beginning they have found ways to have people follow rules in order to maintain safe environments within their community settings. Over the years people have changed, but they still commit crimes. The evolution of the way people think has made it possible for laws to be created to protect everyone in the community as well as to make people who do not follow the right path pay for their crimes. Every state has its own set of laws and courts, but they all serve a basic principle: everyone should live in a safe world without harming others. This paper discusses how communities view evidence and how they can indicate a person’s responsibility for his or her crimes through the criminal justice system.

Criminal Elements

The Contributions of Niels Bohr

The Contributions of Niels Bohr

Niels Bohr was one of the greatest scientists in the 20th century. He created a model of atomic structure and he established the foundations of quantum mechanics for which he received the Nobel Prize on December 10, 1922. In this following research paper I am going to write about the background of Niels Bohr, analyze his ground-breaking contributions, and look at the developments that followed from Bohr’s work, and how human society benefits from his work.

A Poison Tree - A William Blake Piece

A Poison Tree - A William Blake Piece

William Blake was an English poet who was born in eighteen century, the Renaissance period. He had an inherent talent of making art works, mostly engravings. William was raised in a strong Christian family, thus, had made him ardently worship to God. As being an artist, he was susceptible to everything in his daily life. Every tree and bush could be an inspiration of his next work. A Poison Tree, which was written in 1794, was one of his literary productions. In this poem, the poet illustrates the seriousness of growing hatred from a foe and the innermost struggle held during the critical time period.

The Art of Mentoring

The Art of Mentoring

Introduction
According to Schemm, R.L. and Bross, T. (1995), the act of mentoring is defined as a process where a younger, fresher individual is paired with an older, more seasoned person for the purpose of attaining guidance and support. Mentoring is becoming increasingly prevalent in today’s work force, and becoming more of a necessity rather than a consideration. This is especially true for those in a more scholarly setting. It is likely that most, if not all, individuals will form one of these mentor-mentee relationships during some point in his or her professional career. There are several advantages, as well as possible disadvantages, to forming one of these relationships. When thinking of mentoring, a one on one mentor-mentee relationship usually comes to mind; however, multiple-mentor relationships make another valid option available. In any mentoring relationship, there does come a great deal of responsibility. Mentoring is a growing trend among working professionals; it has many benefits, and will help individuals achieve success, and provide a fulfilling role for the mentor.

Advantages

Analysis of a Political Speech: I have a Dream delivered by Martin Luther King

Analysis of a Political Speech: I have a Dream delivered by Martin Luther King

It may be an easy task for one to deliver a speech, but how do you feel about delivering a successful, powerful speech in front of over 200,000 audience as well as national television audience? A successful speech must have lots of criteria: a clear standpoint, an organized paragraph structure, catchy points, making good use of rhetorical tools and strategies… To explain the term “successful speech” in a few words, I would say that a successful speech has the power to make the targeted audience of all races, age and the classes they belong in the society being moved by the speaker. It sounds difficult, but the speech “I have a Dream” delivered by Martin Luther King is a demonstration of a successful speech. It is successful because King’s eloquent use of ethos, logos, and pathos, rhetorical devices such as tropes of relation, trope of addition, scheme of repetition and scheme of balance and tone used in his speech are able to persuade and infect the original audience to agree with him.

The Coronation of Queen Anne: Rituals and Relationships

The Coronation of Queen Anne: Rituals and Relationships

The coronation of Queen Anne was a long process; many steps and rituals had to be carried out before she was officially named Queen of England and celebrations could begin. The coronation itself involves multiple rituals involving different people for different reasons. The first such ritual was the procession to the church. Aside from the procession, many rituals involving the priests and the clergy were required. Those people outside of the advisors and servants the queen surrounded herself with, the commoners, played a significant role in the coronation ceremony as well.

The Many Different Elements to Social Mobility

The Many Different Elements to Social Mobility

Introduction
There are many different elements to social mobility; moving up in life is not as easy as it may appear. Social mobility refers to the movement of individuals or groups from one position in a society’s stratification system to another (Schaefer, 2010, p. 149). The degree of social mobility varies among open stratification systems and closed stratification systems. In addition, there are four major types of social mobility; horizontal, vertical, intergenerational, and intragenerational. Education, race and ethnicity, and gender all impact social mobility in various ways. Sociologists among the structural functionalist school of thought and the conflict theorists both have differing perspectives on social mobility.

Stratification systems

Ricardo Semler's Novel Maverick - Referring to Changes that Occured to SEMCO

Maverick’s story refers to a series of changes occurred to SEMCO, a Brazilian manufacturing company, initiated by the founder’s entrepreneur son, Ricardo Semler, turning it into one of the worlds most unusual and admired workplaces. SEMCO, whose headquarters is located in São Paulo, started in 1952 by Ricardo’s father, Antonio Semler, with a small patent for a centrifuge that could separate lubricating oil from vegetables, later growing under the entrepreneur’s hands into one of that countries most successful companies.

Ricardo Semler’s concise and efficient form of writing lay way to a textbook that reads like a novel and yet manages to render the vision under which his company should be run, a company who has proven itself a definitive success in business and economics. Certainly Maverick is a book for more opened-mined readers, an unquestioningly beneficial and stimulating novel, and a necessary narrative.

Liberal Cosmopolitanism in Contrast to Other Theories of World Politics

Liberal Cosmopolitanism in Contrast to Other Theories of World Politics

In order to comprehensively answer the question of which of the theoretical approaches is the most convincing one has to take into account a range of different factors. The key focus of this argument will rest with a Liberal Cosmopolitan approach to great power or, in the specific framing of the argument, more accurately world politics. The answer will constitute of a Liberal Cosmopolitan answer to the other main theories covered in the field of world politics, primarily the classic Neo-Realist perspective, the Neo-Realist Hegemonic-Stability-Theory (HST) Gramscian Neo-Marxist analysis and Non-Eurocentric critiques of the study. Furthermore it will touch upon more ideational approaches to the field as well, primarily Constructivist accounts. In order to contrast the Liberal Cosmopolitan theory with this wide arrange of theories, this argument will consider a number of relevant issues, including the divide between materialist and ideational approaches, the structural importance of states or classes as ordering principles and the core normative value of the theories itself.

UNESCO’s Intangible Cultural Heritage Policies and Globalization

UNESCO’s Intangible Cultural Heritage Policies and Globalization

I. UNESCO’s Intangible Cultural Heritage Policies
Cultures are too often dichotomized into Western vs. non-Western, male vs. female, elite vs. folk, or tangible vs. intangible, and in each instance, the former term is privileged over the latter. Particularly with modernization and the accompanying expansion of the Western cultural world, Western cultures are frequently considered more rational than, more valuable than, and superior to non-Western cultures, which many would claim are irrational or inferior. Such views of cultural differences have been promoted by the globalization of European and American cultures, as non-Western cultures have not expanded their influence to the same degree.

Similarly, as many feminists have pointed out, the culture of women has long been considered to have relatively less value and importance than that of men. And cultural critics have noted that folk cultures are often regarded as being old, outdated, and worthy only of being forgotten.

Corporate Governace

Corporate Governace

1. The Concept of Corporate Governance
Corporate governance is the system by which companies are directed and controlled. The term refers to the processes of supervision and control intended to ensure that the company’s management acts in accordance with the interest of the shareholders. Corporate governance strives to provide a balance between the freedom of management to make commercial decisions and control over management. Essentially, it deals with the relationship between the two controlling organs of the company; that is, ownership personified by shareholders and management personified by directors.

Let the Music Make You Move - Does Music Benefit Those Partaking in Physical Activity?

Let the Music Make You Move - Does Music Benefit Those Partaking in Physical Activity?

The Catcher In The Rye By: J.D. Salinger

The Catcher In The Rye By: J.D. Salinger

A title like “The Catcher in the Rye” makes one think twice when reading this book. There is a lot of thought put into the title itself, but its true meaning is not conveyed until the very end of the novel, making one have to think twice in order to really understand the story. “The Catcher in the Rye” is referred to in the book as “a person who catches little children as they are about to fall off of a cliff.” This meaning, while appearing to be quite peculiar, actually helps to explain the Holden’s actions throughout the entire novel. The main character, Holden, can only relate to younger people and has a problem with living as a teenager in a grown-up world. The phrase, “The Catcher in the Rye,” has a very innocent twist to it and Holden portrays this,
along with a very negatve and cynical view, in the novel.

Stereotypes: Definition, Discussion and Functionality in Creating Racial Ideas

Stereotypes: Definition, Discussion and Functionality in Creating Racial Ideas

This paper will present how racial stereotypes can be used to ridicule a people and to lead public opinion into thinking of this people as unable to live “unruly.” According to Ethnic Notions, in the 20th century, some of the most well-known stereotypes about African-American people were the figures of the mammy, the pickaninny, the sambo, the coon (zip coon), the uncle Tom and the brute (or buck ).

The mammy consisted on a very docile, loyal, and domestic black female slave devoted to her masters and mistresses. Fat, dark-skinned, and cantankerous, she was deprived of sexual appeal. As a counterpart for the mammy, there was the Jezebel: a very sexualized black woman who was driven by her libido. Both images served to show black women as being the opposite of a white lady (fragile, pious) – which, in the case of the mammy, was a manner of avoiding the feeling of threat by the mistress.

Voodoo and Santería: Definition, Background and Elements of the Tradition

Voodoo and Santería: Definition, Background and Elements of the Tradition

This paper argues that the creolization of African religious traditions – resulting in religions such as Voodoo and Santería – was the manner through which the African-American people, brought as slaves to the Americas and to the Caribbean islands, managed to cope with the abrupt tearing of them from freedom, language, family, friends, and land. The Atlantic Slave Trade was responsible for the spread of African religions to the New World. Through the 16th and 19th centuries, the Triangular Slave Trade (West Africa, Americas and Caribbean, and Europe) forced native people from West Africa into slavery in the Americas and in the Caribbean – a fact in history known as African Diaspora.

In order to cope with the suffering of being torn apart from everything they that was familiar to them, the enslaved people turned to their religious beliefs. Thus since Yoruba people, from Dahomey (now: Nigeria, Benin and Tongo), were one of the peoples taken as slaves, the Yoruba religion was the one practiced in the new land.

Racial Minority Relationships: Asian-Americans’ Empathetic Attitudes toward African-Americans

Racial Minority Relationships: Asian-Americans’ Empathetic Attitudes toward African-Americans

The Joy Luck Club Research Paper

The Joy Luck Club Research Paper

In the novel The Joy Luck Club, the author Amy Tan writes the stories by focusing on the clash between low-context American and high-context Chinese culture. The four mothers and four daughters grow up in very different education ways, which leads them to different characterizations. But love and hope can finally reconcile the serious conflict of generation gap. The author Amy Tan is born in America on 2.19.1952, whose parents are Chinese immigrants. She is interested in both Chinese and American culture since childhood, and is considered as a representative of American Chinese writers after the publication of The Joy Luck Club. "Tan was born in 1952 in Oakland, California. … Tan was strongly influenced by her mother's storytelling about the family's Chinese heritage, and she later used oral storytelling as a narrative device in her fiction. ... Tan's first novel, The Joy Luck Club, brought her acclaim, and rose quickly on The New York Times bestseller list" (Bomarito and Hunter Tan, Amy: Introduction 1).

Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) Research Paper

Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) Research Paper

An acquired brain injury (ABI), whether it occurs due to trauma or other reasons, is a permanent and life altering condition. An infinite combination of brain areas may be affected, with results that are mild, moderate, or severe. Individuals may be impacted cognitively, emotionally, physically and socially, and require extensive rehabilitation. They face a loss of autonomy and independence, are at risk of becoming socially isolated, may have difficulty learning new skills, and can pose a safety risk. Their world has been turned upside down, and improving their sense of self and purpose in this world, is an important therapeutic goal. The Therapeutic Recreation Specialist is an important member of the treatment team who works with the individual to improve their cognitive and physical functioning. They support the individual in engaging socially with others, in gaining a sense of mastery that leads to self-worth, and ultimately impact factors that relate to quality of life and integration in the community.

Insight’s Insecurities: The Impact of Self-Esteem on Insight Problem Solving

Insight’s Insecurities: The Impact of Self-Esteem on Insight Problem Solving

Abstract
Varying levels of self-esteem (SE) foster the ability to think about problems in different ways but little is known about how this affects insight problems. This paper investigates the hypothesis that individuals experiencing high SE will solve more insight problems correctly than those experiencing low SE. It was also expected that manipulating contingency would mediate the relationship between SE and problem solving. To investigate this, participants in four conditions completed a dingbat problem-solving task. The results of the study support the hypothesis that high SE persons would solve more dingbat problems correctly than low SE persons. This is consistent with the idea that high SE individuals are more likely to abandon the mental set whereas low SE individuals will rely on their mental set until they receive evidence that it may be problematic. The interaction hypothesis was not supported suggesting that contingency does not mediate the relationship between SE and insight problem solving.

Introduction

Νάρκισσος (Narcissus) Aesthesis, and the Unforgivable

Νάρκισσος (Narcissus) Aesthesis, and the Unforgivable

Advanced Issues in Clinical Psychology - Narcissistic Personality Disorder: Leaders/Followers Self Concepts and Charisma Related to the Disorder

Advanced Issues in Clinical Psychology - Narcissistic Personality Disorder: Leaders/Followers Self Concepts and Charisma Related to the Disorder
In Addition to Theories, Criticisms, Limitations and Future Directions of Research in this Field

Abstract
Research studies, perspectives, theories, and conclusions about charismatic leadership and Narcissistic Personality Disorder will be compared and reviewed. Traditionally in psychology, Narcissistic Personality Disorder was not the typical topic of discussion but in recent decades Narcissistic Personality Disorder has become a popular construct amongst researchers, and psychoanalysts. This paper will emphasize research related to leaders/followers self-concepts, and charisma, in relation to narcissistic personality disorder, and the effects resulting from this combination. In addition theories, criticisms, limitations, and future directions of research in this field will be discussed.

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