Slavery Paper on the Big Debate Sparked by Moses Brown in 1783

Slavery Paper on the Big Debate Sparked by Moses Brown in 1783

In 1783, A man named Moses Brown told Rhode Island’s government that he hope to stop slavery and stop all the slave trades. Since then, a big debate about what should the government do starts and the true choice is absolutely emancipate all the salves immediately and completely. Since 1600s, black people start to be brought to America to be slaves. They have to work in a extremely bad condition and amazingly long time with almost no income. Although some of them become skillful later and start to do some job but they still can’t have a good life. Because usually slaves need to live in the master’s house and have little privacy. Slave families are often divided among different households. So it’s really difficult for enslaved people in to establish and maintain families which is absolutely one of the most important part of a person’s life. So slavery is absolutely a evil thing and should be emancipated immediately and completely. There is no difference between white people and black people, just like what Samuel Sewall (The author of The Selling of Joseph) said “It is most certain in that all Men, as they are sons of adam are Coheirs; and have equal right unto Liberty, and all other outward Comforts of Life... So that originally, and Naturally, there is no such thing as Slavery.”(Sewall P28).So black people should have the same social position as white people. Another important factor is that during the slaves trade, lots of slaves can’t survive and died on the ocean which is absolutely not humane. For example, On August 20, 1765, Captain Hopkins bought 196 slaves and start to come back. During the navigation, lots of slaves died and only 88 slaves survived which means one half of the slaves died. (Hopkins P8-9)After the navigation, Brown brothers said “We need not mention how
disagreeable the news of your losing...88 slaves is to us and all your friends, but yourself continuing in health is a great satisfaction to us, that we remain cheerful”(Brown Brothers P9) This talk reflect clearly that how dangerous is the navigation.

Somebody think the slavery should be keep. “To prosper, we must have a stock of slaves to do all our business.”(Bostonian Emanuel Dowling P10) Said Bostonian Emanuel Dowling. It is true that slaves’ trade can provide a huge profit to the government but this kind of gaining way is not a proper way. The reason of why the government wants to make money is to make the civilian lives better and make the city better. Slaves’ trade is making money while hurting other people.

So it is not fair to make somebody lives better by derive other people’s right to have a good life. Some other people said that black people don’t have the ability to work as well as white, they are inborn slaves. This is apparently not true because some of the slaves have great skill and they can do even better than white people. According to all the things above is really easy to make the decision, emancipate immediately and completely.

Bibliography:

1. Samuel Sewall, Selling of Joseph, “It is most certain in that all Men, as they are sons of adam are Coheirs; and have equal right unto Liberty, and all other outward Comforts of Life... So that originally, and Naturally, there is no such thing as Slavery.” 1701

2. Esek Hopkins’ navigation, On August 20, 1765, Captain Hopkins bought 196 slaves and start to come back. During the navigation, lots of slaves died and only 88 slaves survived which means one half of the slaves died. 1765

3. Brown brothers, Letter to Esek Hopkins, “We need not mention how disagreeable the news of your losing...88 slaves is to us and all your friends, but yourself continuing in health is a great satisfaction to us, that we remain cheerful” 1765

4. Bostonian Emanuel Dowling, “To prosper, we must have a stock of slaves to do all our business.” 1642