How Rationality Leads to Sub-Optimal Outcomes

How Rationality Leads to Sub-Optimal Outcomes

Human rationality. The exercise of reason, the unique capacity human beings possess to make sense of things, to establish and verify facts and to justify their beliefs and actions. Labelled as ‘homo economicus’ or ‘economic man’, the concept of humans as rational beings goes further than simply our ability to reason: it depicts humans as self-interested actors who have the ability to maximise their desired outcomes and minimise their costs. Comparing the costs and benefits of an action is known as rational choice theory and a rational human being is one that weighs up these potential outcomes and elects the decision that best optimises his chance to pursue his goals, or more bluntly put, his selfish interests.

Abraham Maslow's Theory of Motivation as a Hot Topic as a Tool in Organization

Motivation has been a hot topic for debate since the 1930’s, even though it was not considered a respectable pursuit until much later (Locke and Latham 2002). In the past it was believed that employees would simply motivate themselves, however Locke and Latham have now proved that when people are asked to do their best it is not always the case that they do so (2002). Managers and supervisors now take the reins of motivation. However, even if you’re employer gives you everything you want, you may still be demotivated – satisfied perhaps, but not motivated. Motivation is now a very powerful tool in an organisation, and if a manager can effectively motivate staff he should not only increase productivity, but also decrease staff turnover and sick days thus making any company more profitable. Theorists gave rise to two different types of motivation theories. Content theories like Maslow’s needs hierarchy, that focuses on what motivates individuals; and process theories like the expectancy theory, where the emphasis is on the actual process of motivation.

To What Extent Do You Think the Hong Kong Political System is Hindering the Citizens' Socio-Political Participation?

To What Extent Do You Think the Hong Kong Political System is Hindering the Citizens' Socio-Political Participation?

To a large extent, I think the Hong Kong political system is inspiring the citizen’s socio-political participation. For the meaning of the socio-political participation, it is the extent and pattern of participation in social welfare, also the allocation of the resources. And I am going to discuss this problem in three aspects: social, cultural and political.

First, for the social aspect there are many freedoms for citizens. Such as the freedom of speech and freedom of communication ext. it is also the characteristic of the Hong Kong political system. These freedoms give us rights to voice out our own opinions and give advices to the government. In order to let the government listen to know what we needs, citizens can have assembly to protest for their rights. Government don’t set up laws to stop from having assembly shows that government has the needs in these assembly, and inspired people’s participation.

Book Review of 'Overthrow' by Steven Kinzer - Does the United States have a History of Overthrowing or Helping to Overthrow Foreign Governments?

Book Review of 'Overthrow' by Steven Kinzer - Does the United States have a History of Overthrowing or Helping to Overthrow Foreign Governments?

Changing Behaviors by Changing Classroom Management and Classroom Environment

Changing Behaviors by Changing Classroom Management and Classroom Environment

Introduction
The issue of classroom management is one major factor effecting teacher job satisfaction. Classroom teachers consistently rate student discipline problems as a major professional concern. Dealing with disruptive behavior from students is frustrating and sometimes reduces effectiveness in facilitating student achievement

This past school year, I received my first teaching job as a 5th grade teacher. I went through numerous struggles and learning endeavors. I’m sure you all have heard “what happens in the classroom during the early days of the year sets the stage for the entire year. As I was researching I came across a question, what does classroom management mean? The term “classroom management” covers a broad range of teacher behaviors and replaces the term “discipline” to describe teaching techniques to establish a well established classroom environment (Dunbar, 2006).

The Real Benefits of Meditation: A Report on Meditation and the Effects It Has on Humans

The Real Benefits of Meditation: A Report on Meditation and the Effects It Has on Humans

Table of Contents
Abstract
Introduction
Research Plan
Part I: Lowers High Blood Pressure
Part II: Deceases Depression
Part III: Increases Intelligence
Discussion
Recommendations
Works Cited

Appendix:
Meditation is an art form that developed many centuries ago. Meditation requires a person to mentally relinquish all thoughts, and be in the present state. Doing this requires much patience and practice, but once one is able to reach a meditative state, the benefits are numerous. What started as an Eastern spiritual practice has not become mainstreamed in the Western world as well. Once one can reach his/her meditative state, the mind can actually heal the body. The mind is a powerful tool that humans possess, but one that is not harnessed for the healing potential that is capable of producing.

Language in the United States - Paper on the Essay How to Tame a Wild Tongue by Gloria Anzaldua

Language in the United States - Paper on the Essay How to Tame a Wild Tongue by Gloria Anzaldua

Immigration has a long history in the United States, it is definitely credit as the United States became one of the most successful multi-ethnic nation in modern history. All men are created equal, this idea was brought up by the United States at the very beginning of America history, which is also the reason why countless people want to immigrate to the United States. They believe life would only be better after they come here because opportunities are given to each people according to personal ability and achievement. Our society is formed three major dimensions, which are communication, civilization and technology. Language takes a significance impact on communication. People can communicate through picture, act and sign-language, but language is always the fastest and the most direct way to express meaning, share feeling and so on. Language is a fundamental complement in society, not surprisingly, it could cause lots of difficulties and inconvenience if you do not know a main language of a country.

Paper on What Makes a Good School - Staff, Student and Parents at the Aspiration School Celebrating Their Recent OFSTED Report

Paper on What Makes a Good School - Staff, Student and Parents at the Aspiration School Celebrating Their Recent OFSTED Report

The staff, student and parents at the aspiration school celebrated their recent OFSTED report, with tea and cakes in the school hall on Friday the 25th November. Ofsted reported the school to be a much more effective school than it was 2 years ago. Through a determined and purposeful leadership and management the school is now effectively promoting good behaviour and positive attitudes and relationships. It is beginning to see the benefit of this approach in the standards achieved by students. Improved teaching has led to better attitudes and higher achievement.

The Ofsted report went on to describe what the school was now doing well:
Students’ attitudes to learning are good and standards are improving, assessment data are used well to identify priorities and meet students’ needs. Provision for social and educational inclusion is good.

Essay on How Artists/Writers Treat Perception: Using Edward Hopper's Painting 'Compartment C, Car 293',' Rooms by the Sea', and 'Automat' as Examples and Using Frank O'Hara's 'A Sleep Away From Them' and 'The Day Lady Died' as Examples

Essay on How Artists/Writers Treat Perception: Using Edward Hopper's Painting 'Compartment C, Car 293',' Rooms by the Sea', and 'Automat' as Examples and Using Frank O'Hara's 'A Sleep Away From Them' and 'The Day Lady Died' as Examples

This essay will discuss how artists/writers treat perception. The essay will examine in detail a combination of paintings and poems from two artists/writers; they are Edward Hopper and Frank O’Hara. Hopper’s paintings that are to be explored are ‘Compartment C, Car 293’, ‘Rooms By The Sea’ and ‘Automat 1927’. The poems scrutinized from O’Hara are ‘A Sleep Away From Them’ and ‘The Day Lady Died’. Perception is defined by Oxford Dictionary as “the way in which something is regarded, understood, or interpreted” (www.oxforddictionaries.com ). Perception will be discussed from the viewpoint of the reader and observer of the poems and paintings. Each artist/writer will be considered individually with a small comparison and contrast paragraph at the end.

The Principal’s Role In Building a Community Of Shared Leadership

The Principal’s Role In Building a Community Of Shared Leadership

With each passing year, we find the role of the school leader changing and evolving. No longer is the school principal a “one-man (or woman) show”. The changing needs of today’s school communities are becoming more and more prevalent. Current research shows that, in order to be effective, today’s leader must learn to embrace a team leadership approach. This research paper focuses on the importance and results of developing and maintaining a positive and committed relationship between principals and teachers. School leaders are finding that, “Working together in teams often is a more effective way to accomplish important tasks. … Teams tend to be better at solving problems, have a higher level of commitment and include more people who can help implement an idea or plan.” (Kent Peterson, 1993, p. 1)

Essay on How Useful Abraham Maslow's Theory of Motivation in Understanding and Predicting Behaviour at Work

Essay on How Useful Abraham Maslow's Theory of Motivation in Understanding and Predicting Behaviour at Work

Motivation has been a hot topic for debate since the 1930’s, even though it was not considered a respectable pursuit until much later (Locke and Latham 2002). In the past it was believed that employees would simply motivate themselves, however Locke and Latham have now proved that when people are asked to do their best it is not always the case that they do so (2002). Managers and supervisors now take the reins of motivation. However, even if your employer gives you everything you want, you may still be demotivated – satisfied perhaps, but not motivated. Motivation is now a very powerful tool in an organisation, and if a manager can effectively motivate staff he should not only increase productivity, but also decrease staff turnover and sick days thus making any company more profitable. Theorists gave rise to two different types of motivation theories. Content theories like Maslow’s needs hierarchy, that focuses on what motivates individuals; and process theories where the emphasis is on the actual process of motivation.

The Prevalence of Eating Disorders - A Review of the Literature

The Prevalence of Eating Disorders - A Review of the Literature

Eating disorders date all the way back to the late 1800’s when doctors in England first discovered anorexia, even the ancient Greeks involved themselves in bulimia. As eating disorders date way back, they are still around today more than ever. Roughly 24 million people of all ages and genders suffer from an eating disorder in the U.S. (ANAD). With all of these people suffering from different forms of eating disorders, extensive amounts of research has been conducted to answer the following questions:
1. What are the different types of eating disorders?
2. What causes eating disorders?
3. Are there any treatments for eating disorders?
Eating disorders are psychological, and for a patient to be cured he or she must understand the complications of their disorder and be willing to change themselves.

What Are the Different Types of Eating Disorders?

Commitment and its Role in Sports

Commitment and its Role in Sports

For most people, sports are a way to let loose and have fun. Although sports are usually for enjoyment, many athletes work very hard to become great at their sport. This begins by making multiple commitments in order to play and succeed in the sport. Athletes commit many aspects of their life to sports by making time sacrifices, educational sacrifices, and personal sacrifices. Without the commitments of athletes to their sport, those sports wouldn’t be what they are today. Therefore, commitment and sacrifice are necessary for an athlete to be successful.

Essay on Events That Occured When Hokuetsu Paper had to defend itself from a Hostile Takeover Bid by Oji Paper

Essay on Events That Occured When Hokuetsu Paper had to defend itself from a Hostile Takeover Bid by Oji Paper

What were some of the strengths Hokuetsu Paper demonstrated in this effort? Why did they work?
A key strength demonstrated by Hokuetsu Paper, in defending itself from a hostile takeover bid by Oji Paper, was its ability to formulate and implement a strategic communication plan in a timely manner that included all of its shareholders and stakeholders. Hokuetsu Paper was able to gain the support of the local and business communities by demonstrating the value of keeping Hokuetsu Paper independent. The communication plan was successful because it was concise, culturally conscious and integrated with the legal and financial aspects of the defense. The Niigata community as well as Japanese culture value harmony, relationships, and collectivism. By hiring the communication advisory firm, Media Gain, Hokuetsu Paper was able to ensure their messages were effectively distributed and interpreted; which proved to be invaluable in their efforts.

What were some of the drawbacks deployed by both companies? What could have been done differently?

Ignorance is Bliss - Using Examples from the Movie Crash

Ignorance is Bliss - Using Examples from the Movie Crash

In my life as a person living in a mainly black neighborhood, just about all of my childhood I have had to deal with racism very often. The movie Crash which also covers racism along with gender and class. I thought it was a great movie, because of how it addresses the perception of race through each character’s point of view, and how perceptions can be completely wrong.

Frequency Use of Social Media Impact on Cyberbullying: It's Relation to Fear and Depression

Frequency Use of Social Media Impact on Cyberbullying: It's Relation to Fear and Depression

Abstract
This study examined the social media usage and the positive effects of cyberbullying on middle school students; and whether exposure to bullying affects their levels of fear and depression. The participants were 800 students ranging from ages 11-15 (488 females and 312 males). The results revealed Social Media usage does not increase fear in those that don’t partake in cyberbullying. It also shows that students, who are involved in cyberbullying, whether as bully or victim, exhibit increased levels of both fear and depression.

Introduction

Art History Paper on Lion Hunt by Eugene Delacroix

Art History Paper on Lion Hunt by Eugene Delacroix

This paper examines the painting "Lion Hunt" by Eugene Delacroix, 1861, and discusses its relation with painter's view about nature, while relating this view to the social and historical background of that time period to see its origin and impact.

Standby Power Generation - Applications and Transients

Standby Power Generation - Applications and Transients

In today’s environment with a high reliance on reliable electrical power, it has become a common practice to include engine-generator sets in the design of new facilities. Their purpose is to provide power in the event of a utility power failure and, where local utility rate structures and policies make it a viable option, to reduce overall electrical energy costs. One of the major reasons for this emphasis on emergency/standby power has been the increased use of computers and digital controls in all aspects of commercial and industrial processes. Personal safety, production schedules, and in-process inventory are some of the items adversely affected by the lack of power integrity. It is the intent of this program to help you apply generator sets in a manner that will provide reliable power of the quality and capacity required by the end user.

Essay on Martha Dandridge Curtis Washington - Wife of George Washington

Essay on Martha Dandridge Curtis Washington - Wife of George Washington

Many people know about the first president George Washington, but how much do the people know about his wife Martha? Martha Dandridge Curtis Washington was born on June 2, 1731. At eighteen she married Daniel Parke Curtis who died a sudden death a few years later. Following this Martha met George Washington. They soon were married in 1759. Later George became the leader of the Continental Army. When George traveled to all the war sites Martha traveled with him and she helped him as much as she could. Martha Washington influenced the Revolutionary war for man reasons.
Since Martha Washington had such a great family life it impacted how she treated others during the American Revolution. Before Martha Washington married George Washington, she married Daniel Parke Curtis. In 1757, Daniel Parke Curtis died of a sudden illness. Daniel was a very rich man. He left Martha with all of his money and one fifth of his land. He also left Martha one of the richest women of that time.

Measuring the Rate of Alcohol Fermentation in Yeast Cells

Measuring the Rate of Alcohol Fermentation in Yeast Cells

Introduction:

Administrative Ethics Paper - Patient Privacy

Administrative Ethics Paper - Patient Privacy

Patient privacy is a major concern for all health care professionals. When a patient’s privacy is leaked out the patient is the one that is most affected. Depending on the person or people that know this personal information depends on the over all affects. Do to all of the side effects the government put into action the patient privacy act and HIPPA. This is their solution to ensuring patient privacy is met at all times. Since HIPPA has been put into place in the health care filed, there have been less patient privacy issues.

Arguments For and Against the Legalization of Prostitution

Arguments For and Against the Legalization of Prostitution

The Lost Girls
For the casual member of society, prostitutes are a disgrace, worthless and undeserving of any kind of respect or recognition. They are spoken of in whispers with audible disdain, the vermin of humanity. Albeit inaccurately, prostitution has been referred to as “the oldest profession” due to its references in the bible. Most citizens of major cities could readily list at least one location in their town known as a harbor for such professionals. However, the laws regarding prostitution are driven by self-righteousness and personal belief as opposed to the welfare of society. Regardless of the common societal perspective, for the lonely soul in search of companionship and/or emotional release of some sort, prostitutes are viewed as saviors. They are the friends to the friendless, the refuge in moments of despair. Prostitution should be made legal in recognition of constitutional rights, to improve marital status, to help control the spread of AIDS and other diseases, to minimize or prevent the objectification of women, and to protect the American citizens.

Part-time Freedom

Theory to Practice Paper: Organization Attitudes and Behavior

Theory to Practice Paper: Organization Attitudes and Behavior

I will use my father’s career for this assignment because he plays two roles in the work world: he is a doctor in a public hospital and he owns a business with a colleague. My father is a specialist in Plastic Surgery and he is a partner in a Medical Clinic, which he is the management also.
He works for the city in the public hospital for over twenty years and as a private doctor and manager at the clinic for over fifteen years. He has his own office, just as his partner and they have three more offices that they rent for other doctors. At the Clinic there’s also a dressing room, an exam room and an X-Ray room. To cover all the topics proposed in Chapter 10: Organizational Attitudes and Behavior, I will use the information that I collected when I worked there in 2007 as a secretary and what I heard from him over the years.

Job satisfaction: the degree of pleasure an employee derives from his job, p. 302.

The PoisonWood Bible Essay

The PoisonWood Bible Essay

When The Price family arrives in the village of Kilanga, the food the Africans consume is repulsing to the reverend Nathan, and his family. Rachel, the daughter of Nathan found it very hard to devour the food cooked by the Congolese people; “I sat breathing through my nose, holding in my mouth the pure, awful slavor of something on fire and bristle of stiff hairs from the burnt hide of dead goat. i shut my eyes tight, but even so, the tears ran down.” (Kingslover 29) The Prices, knowing only American, processed food, found that the meal prepared for them was barbaric, and they were in need of fruits and vegetables. They lived in Kentucky and from their past, “It only took five days in hot weather for a Kentucky Wonder bean to gather up its vegetable willpower and germinate.” (64)

Essays on Career Goal Post MBA and How the IMD MBA Will Help Achieve This Goal and Will Approach Your Job Search

Essays on Career Goal Post MBA and How the IMD MBA Will Help Achieve This Goal and Will Approach Your Job Search

Essay A: Short career goal post MBA 2000 characters. Position sought after graduation. Please give us your short term career goal post MBA (up to 5 years). Describe how the IMD MBA will help you achieve this goal and how you will approach your job search.

In 5 years time post MBA I am planning to work in charge of a position as General Manager in an international company in Europe, Asia or America. Throughout the current phase of my professional life I have tried to gain international work experiences and to develop my linguistic knowledge. A new stage of my professional development will be produced thanks to the achievement of a MBA program. This will contribute to expand my personal and professional leadership skills, in order to position myself as one of the future new international leaders. I want to contribute to the world from a top position in important companies, achieving my task with responsibility and vision, taking difficult decisions and motivating people in order to help them to give the best they can give.

HIL Simulation System of Intelligent Marine Diesel Engine Based on Hybrid Software Development Model

HIL Simulation System of Intelligent Marine Diesel Engine Based on Hybrid Software Development Model

Shu Chang(1) JianGuo Yang(1) (2)
[1] School of Energy and Power Engineering, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan, P. R. China, 430063
[2] Key Lab. of Marine Power Engineering &Technique under Minister of Communications of P. R. China, Wuhan, P. R. China, 430063)

Broken Detection of the Traffic Sign by using the Location Histogram Matching

Broken Detection of the Traffic Sign by using the Location Histogram Matching

Abstract— the paper presents an approach for recognizing the broken area of the traffic signs. The method is based on the Recognition System for Traffic Signs (RSTS). This paper describes an approach to using the location histogram matching for the broken traffic signs recognition, after the general process of the image detection and image categorization. The recognition proceeds by using the SIFT features to adjust the acquired image to a standard position, followed by the histogram bin will be compared the image with reference image, and finally output the location and percents of the broken area.
Keywords - Road image recognition; Traffic sign; Histogram matching; SIFT features; Broken detection.

I. INTRODUCTION

Preparation for College Writing Literacy Autobiography: Not Afraid

Preparation for College Writing Literacy Autobiography: Not Afraid

RAIDS
1. Revision
What is being revised?
Unawareness of butterfly effect in our lives. However sometimes it is a big deal.
What is the revision?
My experience of summer camp back to 2004 started a chain reaction that has a great impact on me and even become my source of confidence.

2. Arrangement
What is being arranged? / What is the arrangement?
Narration: My story and experience;
Contrast: My attitude to life after I joined the summer camp. Also I’ll provide my experience and situation after I gain the confidence.

3. Invention
What is being invented?
I use butterfly effect to explain why the summer camp is an essential source of my confidence.
What are the invention strategies?
Analyze memories to see connection + cause /effect

4. Delivery
Audience: classmates/instructor
Classmates: To those internationals, they may have had similar experiences and I want to encourage them. To American students, they may want to know why we internationals come here.
Medium: Paper, words and illustration.

5. Style
Medium

Paper on the Experience of Migrant Domestic Workers

Paper on the Experience of Migrant Domestic Workers

Introduction
The migration is a very old phenomenon. In the last years there is a new tendency: female migration. The number of women who have decided to migrate has increased. The lack of job opportunities, poverty, war and conflict push women to migrate. In the areas of destination, industrialization, a lack of local labour for domestic work, the increase of the number of married women who work increases the demand for domestic workers. It is widespread the idea that care-giving is a woman’s responsibility.

For the women who live in rich nations, the entry in labour market represents a form of emancipation. For the women who live in poor nations the domestic work is a form of better recognition in their societies. So, the emancipation of migrant workers is linked to a experience of exploitation.
My paper focuses on a specific aspect of female migration: migrant domestic workers.

Body
Domestic work: experience of exploitation and abuse

Translation Principles for the Translation of Neologism in News Language

Translation Principles for the Translation of Neologism in News Language

Abstract
In the world, Chinese and English has both the longest history and most people used compared with any other language. As the society developed more and more quickly, many kind of new information came out. Including them was that, there were a lot of neologisms in Chinese words. Many people who do English translation study found that it is much harder to translate these words than any others. New words were born from the antiquity, and they could miss the most important things happened at that moment. So translating these new words were paid much more attention by researchers. New words in this paper are all based on neologisms in news language. This thesis aimed to study the translation of neologism in news language from two aspects—word formation of new words and the background of new words. And then with the help of Yan Fu’s Translation Principles for the Translation of neologism in news language, the paper will enumerate some translation strategies and some ways to improve the quality of neologism in news language.

Introduction
1. Characteristics of Neologism in News Language

Syndicate content