Bachelor Thesis Format and Outline - Preparing a Bachelor Thesis

Bachelor Thesis Format and Outline - Preparing a Bachelor Thesis

I. Introduction
You have now arrived at an important step in your pursuit of an undergraduate education and in preparing for your future: writing your bachelor thesis. Your thesis must describe clearly and fully the goals of the research, the motivation, theories or hypotheses tested, methods used, target population, findings and the advice derived from your findings along with the conclusions drawn. Accordingly, you have to also acknowledge all sources of information you have used (both written and oral) in writing your bachelor thesis. Your thesis stands for your contribution to the knowledge of your field. Therefore, the final product must be written in a style and layout, which are acceptable, consistent and understood which is why this handbook has been prepared. This guide should answer your questions about the final written thesis. We recommend that you read it in its entirety before you begin writing your thesis. If you have specific questions that still are not answered, please contact Dr. Noha El-Baz ( n.elbaz@epi.umcg.nl).

II. Student Responsibility
Although your thesis supervisor will provide guidance, ultimate responsibility for completing the research and preparing a quality thesis rests on you. You are responsible for gaining the information necessary to prepare a thesis properly, meeting deadlines associated with its preparation and ensuring that the final copy of your thesis is signed and delivered to the appropriate offices.
Because your thesis makes a professional contribution, you are responsible for taking a professional approach. Do the best job that you are capable of doing. Accomplishing this requires good planning, an early start and familiarizing yourself with the broader protocols of your discipline and the world of research in general. In completing your thesis, you are responsible for meeting regularly with your advisor and following his/her recommendations, establishing a realistic timeline, doing your best to follow the objectives of the research goals, maintaining a thesis log, providing your advisor with rough drafts, and preparing a high quality final product.

III. Procedural Information
The sequence you might follow in completing your senior thesis is as follows:
A. Year two
Research proposal
The students can choose their subject of the bachelor thesis and a possible supervisor.
1. The student can choose from a available list or propose an independent subject
2. The student have to choose a top 3 from a list of potential supervisors
Necessary
- a list of possible subjects is available from Nestor
- a list of potential supervisors is available
After you have chosen your supervisor, and topic, you should discuss your research proposal, timeline, feasibility and your advisor’s expectations. Fill out Thesis Proposal and Timetable Form, Establish frequency of meetings and attach a more complete description of your plan.

Supervision groups are formed with 5-10 students.
Necessary:
Contact between students and supervisors.

Read literature, Refine your approach, and Write your project plan then Submit your project plan for approval
Necessary:
Project plan evaluation committee

Possible revision of non-approved project plan

B. Year three
Elective period
During your elective period which is the first 10 weeks (first semester) in year 3. The elective period should be used to broaden or deepen the knowledge and insights of the student of an area or subject that is relevant for the personal development of the student into a medical professional. The work performed during the elective period should contribute to the quality of the bachelor thesis.
Writing your thesis
- Meet with your thesis advisor to discuss progress. Submit your rough draft and thesis log for his/her review. Summarize your advisor’s recommendations.
- Continue the analysis and investigation. Statistical analysis (if warranted). Write final draft of the thesis.

Submission first concept bachelor thesis
Necessary:
Bachelor thesis evaluation committee

Submission bachelor thesis and Final oral presentation (25-40 minutes).

Possible revision of non -approved bachelor thesis

IV.Thesis Format
Final decisions on thesis format are left to the supervisor and the student, but general principles follow:
1. Rough draft. The rough draft is meant solely to inform your supervisor (or committee) about your progress and allow him/her to provide feedback. Your supervisor will determine the format and the number and content of rough drafts.
2. Final draft. The final draft must be typed and double-spaced. As a general rule, most theses are 25-40 pages in length

In the bachelor thesis a current problem within the international (global) field of medicine has to be addressed. Whether your thesis is based on formulating and testing a hypothesis or collecting and analyzing information, the thesis should results in a well-balanced advice about the problem or subject.

1. A sequence you may follow for a thesis that formulates and tests a hypothesis is:

A. Abstract (200-250 words). This is a synopsis of your work, a condensed version of the entire thesis. It should provide enough information for a lay reader to understand the rationale and significance of the work. It includes:
• Background/Literature Review
• Aim/ Rationale for the study /Target audience
• Advice based on findings derived from literature
• Approach / proposed methodology
• Findings
• Discussion
• Bibliography

B. Background/Literature Review (4-5 pages). This section reviews pertinent literature in sufficient depth that the reader will come to appreciate why you are asking your questions or stating a specific hypothesis. It needs to be balanced (i.e., considers all relevant opinions). Typically, the introduction leads to a statement: “As a result, the objectives of this thesis were to . . . . . . . . .”
C. Methods (4-5 pages). How did you go about conducting your analysis? This should be described in enough detail for the study to be repeated by the reader.
D. Results (4-6 pages). This should include all pertinent results. All data must be presented, not only the data which supports your thesis. Figures and tables may be included in the text or at the end of the thesis to support the results section.
E. Analysis/Conclusions (4-5 pages). This is the most important part of the thesis because this is your opportunity to interpret your results and make decisions on their significance. You should try to extend your results into uncharted territory! What are the implications of your work? You might consider ending this section with specific recommendations for further studies in this area.
F. Bibliography (3-4 pages) Cite all sources of information using a standard and consistent method of citation appropriate to your discipline. An example of format is included in this manual; however, other formats are acceptable. Remember to cite not only published sources but oral and internet sources as well.

2. A thesis that collects and analyzes information, and summarizes new insights and perspectives will follow a similar pattern:

A. Abstract/Synopsis (200-250 words). This should summarize the goals of your thesis, approaches you used, highlights of information you compiled and a summary of the new insights that you have derived from your work. It includes:
background (1-2 sentences)
rationale for the study
methods
results
analysis and conclusions

B. Background/Literature Survey (6-8 pages). This section sets the context for your work. Literature and information that is pertinent to an understanding of the broad theme of your work plus the conclusions and insights of other writers regarding your problem area should be highlighted.
C. Methods (3-4 pages). How did you go about conducting your analysis? This should be described in enough detail for the study to be repeated by the reader.
D. Findings (6-8 pages). Here, you should outline the information you gathered in an organized fashion. This information could include narratives of others’ work, tabular data, figures or photographs. Again, the nature of your thesis will determine the format needed for this section.
E. Analysis and Conclusions (6-10 pages). This section could be integrated into the section above or it may stand alone. Here, you should integrate the information you gathered with existing knowledge and summarize the analysis which you applied to the information you gathered and presented. Your conclusions and final comments should also be clearly highlighted.
F. Bibliography (literature cited). Cite all sources of information using a standard and consistent method of citation appropriate to your discipline. Remember to cite not only published sources but oral sources as well.

3. Sequence of your thesis
The IBMG is not interested in rigidly enforcing formats for theses. More important to us is that you are creative, make a significant contribution and have some fun in preparing the thesis. You and your advisor may decide to follow a different format from that outlined here. In some cases, it may not be possible to follow this format. However, we provide this sample format to you as a point from which to start thinking about your format.
Page 1 Thesis cover. This should include the thesis title, your name, departmental affiliation and date of preparation (see example in this package).
Page 2 Abstract (250 words; see example in this package).
Page 3 Signature Page (see example in this package)
Page 4 Acknowledgment Page
Page 5 Table of Contents
Page 6 List of Figures and Tables
Page 7 List of Appendices
Page 8- Main Body of Thesis. See examples above.
Style
1. Paper. Under most circumstances, you should use standard A4 paper.
2. Margins. One inch margins on left and right, top and bottom are recommended.
3. Page numbers. Number sequentially from the first page of the thesis.
4. Spacing. Double space the thesis for ease of reading.
5. Fonts. Use a readable font. Font size should be at least 12 point and be a standard readable format.
6. Paragraphs. Indent paragraphs five (5) spaces from the left-hand margin.
7. Footnotes. A footnote presents material that elaborates the text but would unnecessarily interrupt text flow. Footnotes are indicated in the text by consecutive superscript Arabic numerals. The footnote itself is place at the bottom of the page on which it is cited but should not invade the bottom margin. Footnote entries should be single-spaced. In some styles, footnotes are instead collected at the end of the thesis and designated as endnotes. Discipline-specific formats are acceptable.
8. Citations. Referencing will be done using the Vancouver style.
9. Terminology, abbreviation and symbols. Difficult terminology should be defined. Abbreviations must follow the first unabbreviated version of the phrase and placed in parentheses. You are encouraged to minimize use of symbols in the text.
10. Figure and tables. Figures and tables highlight key points in the text. These may be included in the text or collected at the end of the thesis in a designated section. Where information might be displayed as a figure or a table, choose a figure as most readers relate more readily to visual material. Figures and tables should be numbered sequentially. Separate sequences are used for figures and tables. Each figure and table should have a clear legend. Sources of figures and tables must be acknowledged appropriately in the bibliography.
11. Consistency. Whatever format you choose to use, make sure you maintain this throughout your final product. It will enhance the professional image of your thesis.