The Importance of the Preschool Years in Children

Preschool Years

The preschool years are an intresting time for children. This is the time when they learn how to make choices for themselves and feel good about the choices they make. Thier style of thinking and learning are based on the way things look. Adults play a very important role in helping kids take action and explore thier surroundings through physical development, thinking and learing, expressing feelings, communications and awareness of others.

Preschoolers start gaining physical characteristics like being able to jump, skip, and hop. They are able to button up and zip up clothes as well as dress themselves and tie thier shoes. They increase the use of thier hands and are able to paint, draw, cut with sisors and hammer nails. In order to start using these skills adults need to provide children with the appropriate tools for small muscle development like crayons, sissors, paint brushes as well as tools for large muscles development like balls and tricycles. Adults also need to create an invironment in and outside of the home that incourages physical activity like limiting t.v. time. For parents of the children it would be good to plan family trips to a local park.

Preschoolers have a curtain way of thinking and learning. They are more of hands on learners. Their curiostity causes them to use alot of cause and effect expirementation. They recognize letters, numbers, shapes, colors,and textures. They develope awarnesses of time and how objects that are similar and diffrent. They also become aware of wich hand they perfer to use left or right. To help kids in this situation, adults need to ask children open-minded questions like "how did you put that puzzle togther?" You must provide oppertunities to expirement like mixing colors and playing the sink or float game. Play memory games to increase memory skills. It is also good for adults to encourage children to talk about thier past. Ask them how was your day? and What did you do?

Preschoolers express thier feeling by showing thier affection. They develope a scence of humor and can be easily incouraged or dicouraged. They demonstrate intense feelings of fear, love, anger, and joy. They tend to show off and demand attention. Adults can help identify and label thier emotions verbally.("You look like your sad; did anything happen at school today.") Its important to incourage children to talk bout thier feelings becuase its an oppertunity to premote clossness with the child. Carefully observe, listen, and respond to childrens emotions. Provide baby dolls and stuffed animals that children can use in emotional pretend play.

Preschoolers epand in thier communication skills. They posses a rapidly expanding vocabulary and uses sentences with correct grammer. They ask why, how, what, who, how come and ingages in more comlicated conversations. They enjoy making up and telling stories and adabt listing skills. They match letters with those in own name and seeks to write name. They have the ability to verbally resolve conflicts with other children. Adults play an important role in communication. They need to encourage children to ask questions and angage in conversations with children perhaps during dinner time and at bed time. We must provide children with oppertunties to practice copting thier name. Also to provide child access to musical instruments such as home made shakers, drums and bells.

Preschoolers develope an awareness for themselves and others. They begin to display thier independence and self-control. They engage in pretend play and developing friendships. This usually leads to sharing, taking turns and showing respect for others' things. They also learn thier first and last name, adress, phone number, age, and thier sex. Our job as adults is to provide oppertunities for children to work independently and in small groups. For example have a group puzzle or individual reading time. It's good to assign children simple chores like watering plants, checking the mail, and cleaning up toys. Create an envirnment to support pretend play.

Preschool childen love to play epecially when its pretend play. Pretend play is when children play with the make belive. As kids thinking skills inprove, they can remeber and tell stories that have a serries of events that make scence to others. Pretend play is a great way for kids to learn and develope skills like planning, communication, expression of emotions and problem solving. Provide an area to pretend play and provide a variety of items including purses, hats, shoes, clothing, telephones, ect.. Ask children about thier pretend play; Who were you pretending to be? Try not to ask questions when thier really into thier play because thier little fantasy can be easily disrupted. You can engage in play by offering a few minor suggestions for activities.

The last aspect i think is important is the transition to school. At the end of the preschool years, families are pushed to prepare thier child to start school. This preperation can help your childs expierence be more conforting. It would also help to arange a vist at the school the child will attend so the child can explore the classroom and meet thier teacher. Try and see if you can get thier scheduals to see what time snack and lunch is and if they have a nap. Talk to your child about the changes that are going to happen and give tham a chance to express thier feeling about it. Once in school it would make matters easier if you volinteer and help the school.

In conclusion, the preschool years is an exiting time for preschoolers. With the help of adults, they explore the world in new ways. Parents and adults have important jobs, giving children several mixed oppertunities to aid thier development during thier preschool years, including physical development, thinking and learing, expressing feelings, communications and awareness of others. This should help you create a positive, creative environment where kids can florish and be themselves.