The Ocean and Our Lives - An Essay on Pollution

What is an ocean? According to the dictionary, it is “the mass of salt water that covers most of the earth’s surface.” Most people may say the exacr same line when they were asked this question. Furthermore, they might understand that the polluting of the ocean is something bad, but they do not understand what really happens even if the news reported the pollution of the ocean. The human beings made the problem. One magazine said, “In an average year, mankind dumps some 34 million gallons (130 million L) of oil into the oceans of the world” (Awake!). In another magazine, “Worldwide, an estimated $56 billion is needed annually to address this enormous wastewater problem” (Halweii). In the same article, he wrote, “The U.N. Environment Programme (UNEP) estimates that 46,000 pieces of plastic litter — including bits of packaging, cigarette lighters, plastic bags, and diapers — are floating on every square mile of the oceans, a figure that has increased threefold since the 1960s” (Halweii). There are many lots of reports that show human beings polluting the ocean every day, and the amount of pollution is enormous. Human beings pollute the ocean every day but they also spend lots of money to fix the ocean. It is foolish for human beings to pollute the ocean because we can not live on the earth without the ocean.

The ocean is a fundamental temperature and rainfall regulator for all living things which lives on the ground. The different speeds between the ground and the ocean are the main reason that the ocean can regulate the rainfall. The ocean’s speed of absorption and divergence is much slower than the ground. In addition, the current has also correlated for the temperature of the earth. It spreads hot and cold to the seacoast area and it regulates temperature on the earth. The "Coriolis effect” is also important. It is “a tendency, caused by earth's rotation, for everything in motion to sidle to the right and to go in a clockwise direction in the northern hemisphere, to the left and counterclockwise in the southern” (Awake!). It influences the water’s current pattern. Because of the “Coriolis effect”, the water of the ocean can reach wherever it is needed. However, human beings disrupt this cycle by burning fossil fuel every day. All organisms of the earth except human beings help the ocean to be a nice condition. For all these reasons, the ocean is necessary for all living organisms of the Earth such as, fish, whales, sea plants, and human beings.

As a food source, the ocean has an important role for us. For example, Japanese people love to eat various types of fish or living things in the ocean. Examples like tuna, salmon, sardine, squid, shrimp, young yellowtail, and so on, we eat many of these as food in many countries. Therefore, the ocean is the food storage for us and all living organisms. The ocean helps serve food to the organisms since the current is always moving. There are beautiful cycles in the ocean. The magazine, Awake!, wrote, “Dead organic matter that settles toward the bottom is eaten by various forms of sea life. That which these scavengers miss is decomposed by bacteria and changed into mineral form down in the depths. Then there are "upwellings" from the ocean bottom that carry these nutrients up to the surface as food for the phytoplankton-minute plant life that forms the ocean's "pastures." These phytoplankton are fed on by small sea creatures that are, in turn, eaten by larger ones. So, just as on land, plant life is the starting point for the food cycle” (Awake!). In short, micro organisms get eaten by fish, and fish get eaten by human beings. Finally, if human beings died, micro organisms eat the dead body and so on. The perfect food cycle proves that the ocean is fundamental for our lives.

We can not live on the Earth without the air. The air contains seventy eight percent of the nitrogen. Both nitrogen and oxygen occupies ninety nine percent of the air and the rest of one percent contains others. It is important to regulate this balance. The regulation is also a part of the ocean’s job. There are huge amounts of CO2 which is carbon dioxide, and the ocean contains “hundred billion tons of carbon dioxide” (Awake!). As everyone knows, when we breathe large amounts of carbon dioxide leave from our bodies instead of oxygen, but plants can change this carbon dioxide to oxygen. The amounts of human breaths so they provide carbon dioxide to the air, plants exchange and the regulation of the ocean are balanced and it helps us to live on the earth with enough amount of oxygen.

It is very difficult to show appreciation for all the fundamental things which surrounds us. For example, parents, nature, friends, air, and so on, these are necessary for our lives. The ocean is without a question a basic part of our lives. All organisms take each of the parts as their job and make the earth clean or become as a part of beneficial cycles to maintain all lives but human beings keep polluting whole the earth. Although human beings pollute the ocean, it is an irony that we can not live on Earth without the ocean.