Short Paper on Genetics - Genetic Engineering and Cloning

Short Paper on Genetics - Genetic Engineering and Cloning

Genetics is the science of DNA and diseases due to its deterioration . DNA is the molecule that contains the information of the construction of our body . As far as I’m concerned this allowed us to discover the body to the microscopic level and then find the cure of many diseases that affect us closely . The direct human modification of an organism’s genetic material is called genetic engineering that regards the manipulation of genes . Organisms resulting from use of these techniques are called genetically modified organisms . Another extraordinary aspect of the genetic is cloning .
Cloning is the method by which you try to create an identical copy of someone Or something

There are two types of human cloning : the therapeutic cloning and the reproductive cloning ; the first refers to the reproduction of the stem cells and the second one regards human beings and it is illegal in many countries . For example the British government prohibited on January 2001 the reproductive cloning but allowed the therapeutic one that is controlled by the Human fertilization embryology authority. Instead , in Italy both cloning are illegal . The reason why some countries are against and others in defends of cloning is because of its advantages and disadvantages . For example what I mean is that therapeutic cloning is a good method of the research because cloning is comparable in safety to many medical procedures and in addition cloning wood give couples who are at risk of producing a child with a genetic defect the chance to produce a healthy child.

The religious doctrines have different points of view about the argument too. The Catholicism states that there is no science without God ; Judaism does not equate life with conception so they do not do this as object to cloning ; finally the most extended vision is that of Islamism. They think foetus becomes a human being just at 120 days so the research done at much earlier stages is accepted . According to me all of the three religions have more restricted or extended ideas so I disagree with all of them because as far as I’m concerned there are good and bad aspects of this scientific method . It can surely improve many fields of human life but sometimes science could not go behind some limits.